Capoeira is a Brazilian cultural expression that mixes martial art, sport, music and popular culture. Developed in Brazil, mainly by descendants of African slaves with some Indian influence, it is characterized by agile, complex movements, primarily using kicks and sweeps, and head butting, kneeing, elbowing, ground or aerial acrobatics. One feature that distinguishes the Capoeira from most other martial arts is its musicality.
Practitioners of this Brazilian martial art not only learn to fight and play, but also to play the typical instruments and sing. An experienced capoeirista who ignores the musicianship is considered incomplete. The word capoeira originated from the Tupi-Guarani, which means “what was killing” through the junction of the terms ka’a (“kills”) and puer (“that was”). It refers to areas of forest undergrowth in the interior of Brazil, where indigenous agriculture was practiced. It is believed that capoeira has obtained the name from these areas surrounding large farms based on slavery.
The Afro-Brazilian sport of capoeira is never played without its own music, which is usually considered to be a call-and-response type of folk music. The main instruments of capoeira music include the berimbau, the atabaque (drum) and the pandeiro (tambourine). Capoeira songs may be improvised on the spot, or they may be popular songs written by older and ancient mestres (teachers), and often include accounts of the history of capoeira, or the doings of great mestres.
Album: 20 Best of Brazilian Capoeira
Artist: Various Artists
Label: ARC Music